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沈飛暗劍隱身無人機再次亮相或成為殲20僚機(圖)戰斗機
2020-01-11 17:21   来源:  www.femme-cast.com   评论:0 点击:

沈飛暗劍隱身無人機再次亮相或成為殲20僚機(圖)戰斗機近日航空工业沈飞无人机部恭贺新禧的图片引起关注,可

  近日航空工业沈飞无人机部恭贺新禧的图片引起关注,可以看到背景墙上有一架类似于暗剑无人作战飞机,似乎表明暗剑项目正在紧锣密鼓推进之中。

Recent pictures of the aviation industry's Shen Fei drone department congratulating the new jubilee have attracted attention and can be seen on the background wall similar to the dark sword unmanned combat aircraft, which seems to indicate that the dark sword project is in full swing.

  暗剑无人作战飞机第一次公开亮相是在2006年珠海航展,当时该机以国产无人作战飞机概念项目名义出现。按照航展资料,暗剑无人机是沈阳飞机设计研究所设计的无人作战飞机方案,它具备高速、高机动性能和隐身性能于一体,主要用于未来空战。

Dark sword unmanned combat aircraft made its first public appearance at the zhuhai air show in 2006, when it appeared in the name of a domestic unmanned combat aircraft concept project. According to the data of the air show, the dark sword UAV is a UAV combat aircraft scheme designed by Shenyang Institute of aircraft Design and Research. It has high speed, high maneuverability and stealth performance in one body, which is mainly used in future air combat.

  由于要求高速、高机动和高隐身于一体,暗剑无人机在总体布局方面进行了创新。它没有采用常见的飞翼布局,飞翼布局隐身性能突然,但是机动性能欠佳,多用于隐身轰炸机和攻击机。暗剑采用了箭形翼身整合体设计,全面光滑平平顺,消除了突起和鼓包,倾斜双垂尾,具备较好的隐身性能。为了提高机动性能,飞机采用了边条翼设计,前面边条尖锐,后面比较宽大,可以提高较大升力,类似于三翼面布局。暗剑无人机采用下颌进气,进气口前伸向上,并且采用了DSI进气口,这样设计既可以改善无人机在大迎角条件下进气性能,又具备较好隐身性能。不过机腹进气也有缺点,那就是弹舱还容易布置,进气道和弹舱会争夺空间,降低弹舱容积。

Due to the requirement of high speed, high maneuver and high stealth in one, the dark sword UAV has been innovated in the overall layout. It doesn't use the common flying wing layout, the flying wing layout stealth performance suddenly, but the maneuver performance is not good, mostly used for stealth bombers and attack aircraft. The dark sword adopts the design of the integrated body of the arrow wing body, which is completely smooth and smooth, eliminates the protruding and bulging, tilts the double vertical tail, and has better stealthy performance. In order to improve the maneuverability, the aircraft adopts the side strip wing design, the front side strip is sharp, the back is relatively wide, can improve the larger lift, similar to the three-wing surface layout. The dark sword UAV adopts the mandibular air intake, the air inlet is forward extended upward, and the DSI air inlet is used, so the design cannot only improve the air intake performance of the UAV under the condition of large angle of attack, but also have better stealth performance. However, there are also shortcomings in the air intake, that is, the bomb chamber is also easy to arrange, the air inlet and the bomb chamber will compete for space, reduce the volume of the bomb chamber.

  暗剑无人机最让人感兴趣的地方就是它的鸭翼,在模型上能够看到机身前方有一个鸭翼,鸭翼主要用于拉出脱体涡,对机翼气流进行补充和加强,提高无人机机动性能。不在沈飞无人机部最新图片似乎看不到这个鸭翼,这有两个解释,这个鸭翼可能考虑到隐身等原因被取消了,另外一个解释就是这个鸭翼是伸缩结构,需要的伸出来,不需要的缩回去。

The most interesting thing about the Dark Sword UAV is its duck wing, which can be seen in the model with a duck wing in front of the fuselage, which is mainly used to pull out the disembodied vortex, to supplement and strengthen the airflow of the wing and to improve the maneuverability of the UAV. There are two explanations that the duck wing may have been cancelled for reasons such as stealth, and another explanation is that the duck wing is a telescopic structure that needs to be stretched out and unwanted retracted.

  从此前公开模型来看,暗剑无人机采用单发设计,机长大约13米,最大起飞重量在15吨左右。考虑无人机要求高机动性能,对于发动机推力增强,所以发动机有可能是国产太行发动机,太行发动机配备在国产歼-11B、歼-16、歼-16和歼-20战斗机上面,已经非常成熟,并且还发展了推力矢量型号,比较适合要求高机动性能的暗剑无人机。

From the previous public model, the dark sword drone used a single design, the captain about 13 meters, the maximum take-off weight of about 15 tons. Considering the UAV requires high maneuverability, for engine thrust enhancement, so the engine may be a domestic Taihang engine, Taihang engine equipped with domestic J-11B, J-16, J-16 and J-20 fighter aircraft, has been very mature, and also developed a thrust vector model, more suitable for the performance of the dark sword UAV.

  整体来看,暗剑无人机是沈阳飞机研究所针对未来战斗机发展一个概念性项目,主要验证高机动无人作战飞机。航空工业普遍认为无人作战飞机应该是现代作战飞机发展趋势,甚至有人曾经预言F-35战斗机可能是最后一种有人驾驶战斗机,下一代战斗机极有可能是有人战斗机与无人作战飞机混合发展。发展无人作战飞机一个关键实现隐身与机动性能。无人战斗机前面说过现在无人机作战飞机多采用飞翼布局,只能用于对地攻击、侦察等任务,不能用于空战格斗。实际上无人作战飞机既没有飞行员也没有座舱,能够进行更高负荷的机动,机动性能应该更好。因此未来无人机发趋势就是采用更加先进气动布局,能够更好将隐身、机动性能融合为一体,真正成为有人作战飞机。暗剑无人机作战飞机应该就是针对这个趋势发展而来。

On the whole, the dark sword UAV is a conceptual project developed by Shenyang Aircraft Research Institute for future fighter aircraft, which mainly verifies the high maneuvering unmanned combat aircraft. The aviation industry generally believes that unmanned combat aircraft should be the trend of the development of modern combat aircraft, and even some have predicted that the F-35 fighter jet may be the last manned combat aircraft, and the next generation of fighter aircraft is most likely to be a mixed development of human combat aircraft with unmanned combat aircraft. Development of unmanned combat aircraft a key to achieve stealth and maneuverability. Unmanned fighters have said that now uav combat aircraft use wing layout, can only be used for ground attack, reconnaissance and other missions, cannot be used in air combat. In fact, unmanned combat aircraft have neither pilots nor cockpits, capable of higher-load maneuvering, and should be more mobile. Therefore, the trend of future UAV development is to adopt more advanced pneumatic layout, which can better integrate stealth and maneuverability into a whole, and truly become a manned combat aircraft. The dark sword drone combat aircraft should have developed in response to this trend.

  对于无人作战飞机来说,需要攻克一系列技术难关,包括飞控、火控和发动机控制一体化,以便最大限度提高无人机动性能,无人机人工智能,能够自主探测、识别和攻击目标,高速数据链及信息处理系统,能够迅速处理无人机获取信息,并且在编队内部、编队与编队、编队与指挥所之间进行数据交换。这些技术难关应该都会通过暗剑项目进行研究和攻关。

For unmanned combat aircraft, a series of technical difficulties need to be overcome, including the integration of flight control, fire control and engine control, in order to maximize the performance of UAV maneuvering, UAV artificial intelligence, can independently detect, identify and attack targets, high-speed data chain and information processing system, can quickly process UAV to obtain information, and conduct data exchange between formation, formation and formation, and command post. These technical difficulties should be studied and tackled through the dark sword project.


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