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《科學》雜志展望2020年十大科學頭條
2020-01-06 21:55   来源:  www.femme-cast.com   评论:0 点击:

《科學》雜志展望2020年十大科學頭條據新華社華盛頓1月2日電(記者周舟)美國《科學》雜志2日刊文展望了202

  據新華社華盛頓1月2日電(記者周舟)美國《科學》雜志2日刊文展望了2020年可能成為頭條的十大科學新聞,中國建造全球首臺E級超算機、“基因剪刀”技術發布臨床試驗結果等入榜。

China's construction of the world's first E-class supernumerator, the results of a clinical trial of \"genetic scissors\" technology, and so on, looked ahead to the top 10 scientific news that could make headlines in 2020, according to the journal Science 2.

  這一權威學術刊物預測,中國有望在2020年建造出世界第一臺E級超算機。E級超算機即百億億次超級計算機,是國際上高端信息技術創新和競爭的制高點。美國、日本和歐盟均在推進各自的E級超算開發計劃。

The authoritative academic journal predicts that China is on track to build the world's first E-class hyper-calculator by 2020. E-class supercomputer, or billions of supercomputers, is the international high-end information technology innovation and competition. The U.S., Japan and the European Union are all pushing ahead with their own E-level hyper-calculated development plans.

  在生物技術領域,中美不同團隊分別進行的多項使用“基因剪刀”技術CRISPR治療癌癥等疾病的臨床試驗有望發布結果。同時,運用CRISPR技術進行異種器官移植的人體臨床試驗有望在2020年啟動,解決移植肝臟、心臟、角膜等器官或組織的短缺難題。

In biotechnology, a number of clinical trials using \"genetic scissors\" CRISPR to treat diseases such as cancer are expected. At the same time, human clinical trials using CRISPR technology for xenotransplantation are expected to start in 2020 to solve the shortage of organs or tissues such as liver, heart, cornea and so on.

  考古學領域,科研人員將利用古蛋白質分析100萬年前人類或動物的身份和行為。由于蛋白質比脫氧核糖核酸(DNA)更加穩定,這種方法適合研究無法提取DNA的古老化石。

In the field of archaeology, researchers will use ancient proteins to analyze the identity and behavior of humans or animals 1 million years ago. Because proteins are more stable than deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), this method is suitable for studying ancient fossils that cannot be extracted from DNA.

  物理學有兩項研究進入榜單。日本將在今年春季升級“超級神岡探測器”,以探測來自超新星的中微子。另外,意大利和美國的兩個暗物質探測器將啟動運行,加入尋找暗物質的陣營。

There are two studies in physics on the list. Japan will upgrade its super-gook probe this spring to detect neutrinos from supernovas. In addition, two dark matter probes in Italy and the United States will be launched to join the search for dark matter.


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