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闊刀地雷——攻防兼備的鋼雨制造者,步兵的噩夢
2020-01-11 17:21   来源:  www.femme-cast.com   评论:0 点击:

闊刀地雷——攻防兼備的鋼雨制造者,步兵的噩夢克莱莫杀伤地雷,又被称作阔刀雷,相信很多人对这种地雷一点

克莱莫杀伤地雷,又被称作阔刀雷,相信很多人对这种地雷一点都不陌生吧?因为它在电影中出现的频率那是“相当”之高的,比如在第一滴血中兰博用随身携带的阔刀雷引爆了一颗二战时期遗留的“高脚柜”超级炸弹,一波次带走所有追击者,在电影明日边缘里阿汤哥是靠着这种带有“fronttowardenemy”(此面向敌)地雷获得了控制时间的能力等等。

Claymore kills mines, also known as broad-cut mines, believe that many people are no stranger to such mines? Because the frequency with which it appears in the film is \"quite\" high, for example, in the first drop of blood rambo detonated a \"high-footed\" super-bomb left over from world war ii with a broad-bladed thunder, taking away all the pursuers in a wave, at the edge of the film tomorrow at the edge of the ahtango relies on the ability to control time with a \"front toward the enemy\" mine.

“阔刀”名字的由来Claymore翻译过来有阔刀、阔剑的意思,是其设计者诺曼·麦克劳德以苏格兰中世纪普遍使用的大剑来命名的,美国的M18A1就采用这个名字,它也是最早被用于战争的阔刀地雷,随后有许多国家对其进行仿制。

The name \"broad knife\" was translated by Claymore as a broad sword, named by its designer, Norman McLeod, after the great sword commonly used in medieval Scotland, and adopted by the M18A1 in the United States, which was also the first broad-blade mine to be used in war, and was subsequently copied by many countries.

米斯奈—沙尔丁爆炸效应M18A1Claymore地雷的发展可以追溯到二战时期,当时的匈牙利弹道学家米斯奈(Misznay)和德国武器专家休伯特·沙尔丁(HubertSchardin)提出了一个理论,既将一块带有弧度的钢板被爆炸冲击时,炸药的大部分爆炸威力将作用于钢板之上,而凸面钢板被炸碎后会形成许多高速的侵彻体,向周围飞溅,由此产生巨大的杀伤力,这也就是著名的米斯奈—沙尔丁爆炸效应(Misznay-Schardineffect)。

The development of the M18A1Claymore mine can be traced back to World War II, when the Hungarian ballistics scientist Misznay and the German weapons expert Hubert Schardin put forward a theory that when a steel plate with radians was blasted, most of the explosive's explosive force would work on the steel plate, and the surface would be smashed to form a number of high-speed penetrations, splashing around, creating a huge lethal force, the famous Miszn-Schardin effect.

人们根据这个理论开始着手研制相关的武器,不过由于战争的结束,这种杀伤性武器的研制工作也逐渐放缓,但是随着朝鲜战争的爆发,美军对新式武器的需求十分迫切,这方面的武器研制计划又被提上了日程。

People began to work on these weapons based on this theory, but with the end of the war, the development of such weapons slowed down gradually, but with the outbreak of the korean war, the u. s. military demand for new weapons is very urgent, and the development of such weapons is on the agenda.

“凤凰”地雷最初,依据米斯奈—沙尔丁爆炸效应而研制出实战用武器的国家是加拿大,他们设计出一款名为“凤凰”的地雷,以钢板为杀伤破片,在内部炸药爆炸后,破片飞出,杀伤敌人,不过由于设计过于粗糙,使得其体积较大,并且威力不足,产生的破片数量很少,难以对敌人进行有效的杀伤,并未实际部署。

The \"Phoenix\" mines were originally developed by Canada, based on the Miesnai-Shardin explosive effect. They designed a mine called the \"Phoenix \", which used steel plates as an anti-personnel fragment. After the explosion of internal explosives, the fragments flew out and killed the enemy, but because the design was too rough, it was large and insufficiently powerful, and the number of fragments produced was very small.

M18A1Claymore地雷诞生虽然在加拿大这款地雷只存在于在实验室中,但却引起了美军的注意,他们认为这型地雷的理念非常不错,有很好的发展空间,于是在1952年,诺曼·麦克劳德(NormanMacLeod)根据“凤凰”地雷的设计方案并结合米斯奈—沙尔丁爆炸效应,研究出一种小型定向地雷,并最终命名为T-48。

The M18A1Claymore mines were found only in laboratories in Canada, but they attracted the attention of the U.S. military, who thought they had a very good idea and had a good room for development, so in 1952, Norman MacLeod worked out a small targeted mine based on the design of the Phoenix mine, combined with the Naimis-Shardin explosion effect, and was finally named T-48.

试验成功后,他将设计方案提交给了美国陆军,对于这种新式大面积杀伤性武器,陆军当然非常欢迎,于是接受了他的设计并加以修改,同时被命名为M18地雷,在1954年陆军完成了该地雷服役前的所有测试工作,最终型号为M18A1。

After the successful test, he submitted the design to the United States Army, which of course welcomed the new type of weapons of mass destruction, and accepted his design and revised it, which was also named M18 mines, which were all tested before the Army completed its service in 1954, the final model being M18A1.

M18A1Claymore地雷M18A1Claymore由莫霍克电气系统公司首先生产,单枚造价为119美元(以当时汇率计算),重量为千克,长度216毫米,厚度38毫米,高度124毫米,内部填充千克的C4塑性炸药,外壳以灰绿色塑料为主要材质,内部装填有大约七百颗直径为毫米的钢珠,有效杀伤范围为正面50米,最大杀伤范围为250米左右。

M18A1Claymore Mine M18A1Claymore was first produced by Mohawk Electrical Systems, at a cost of $119(at the current exchange rate), with a weight of 216 mm, a length of 216 mm, a thickness of 38 mm and a height of 124 mm, a C4 plastic explosive filled with a shell of gray-green plastic, with an interior filled with approximately 700 mm diameter steel beads, with an effective killing range of 50 m and a maximum range of about 250 m.

当M18A1被引爆时,内部装填的钢珠将以1200米/秒的速度将向前推进,钢球的分布呈60°扇形,高度可达2米左右,这些破片在100米的范围内都有很强的杀伤力,以概率计算,在这个区域内击中一个人的命中率大约在10%左右,而在50米的范围内杀伤命中率可达30%,以最佳杀伤效果和有效距离计算,50米范围为M18A1的最佳杀伤距离。

When the M18A1 is detonated, the internal filled steel ball will advance at a speed of 1200 m/s, the distribution of the steel ball will be 60° fan-shaped, the height can be about 2 meters, these fragments have strong killing power in the range of 100 meters, in probability, the hit rate of a person in this area is about 10%, and the hit rate in the range of 50 meters can reach 30%, in the best killing effect and effective distance,50 meters range is the best killing distance of M18A1.

攻防兼备M18A1地雷主要是一种被动防御性武器,具有和其他地雷相同的功能,可由敌人触碰引爆,但有时候它也作为攻击武器使用,因为M18A1带有定向瞄准具和手动引爆的功能,在需要时可以远距离手动引爆,M18A1适用于覆盖手榴弹最大投掷距离以外,迫击炮和火炮最小射程以内的的范围使用。

The M18A1 mine is mainly a passive defensive weapon with the same function as other mines and can be detonated by enemy touch, but it is sometimes also used as an attack weapon because M18A1 has the function of directional sight and manual detonation and can be detonated manually at a long distance when needed, and M18A1 is suitable to cover the range of mortars and artillery within the minimum range beyond the maximum throwing distance of the grenade.

M18A1地雷首次被使用是在越南战场上,它本身也是针对越南地理环境而研制的,绿色的涂装就是以便在满是丛林的越南战场进行更好的隐蔽伪装,它一般都埋设在隐蔽的丛林小路间,也被部署在美军基地附近,防止敌人的偷袭,在越南战场,这种武器的效果相当不错。

The M18A1 mine was first used on the Vietnam battlefield, and it itself was developed in response to Vietnam's geographical environment. The green coating is for better cover-up in the jungle-filled Vietnam battlefield, which is generally buried in the hidden jungle path and is also deployed near the US military base to prevent enemy raids.

到了现代,这种武器被特种部队广泛使用,用以伏击敌人或者作为防御武器部署在驻地附近,更有甚者,在睡觉时将这种地雷围在自己的周围,形成一道地雷防线。

In modern times, such weapons are widely used by special forces to ambush the enemy or deploy as a defensive weapon in the vicinity of the site, and even, when sleeping, they surround themselves to form a mine line.

发展和仿制战后美国仍然持续对这种武器进行改良,发展出多个版本的地雷,近期一种更轻、威力更强的地雷已经进入部队服役,被称之为Mini-More。

The development and imitation of the post-war United States continues to improve this weapon, developing multiple versions of the mine, and recently a lighter, more powerful mine has entered the army, known as Mini-More.

其他国家也争相对其进行仿制,比较著名的有俄罗斯的Мои-50、中国的66式反步兵定向雷、以色列的No6、韩国的K440等。

Other countries are scrambling to copy it, notably the russian i-50, china's 66-style countertrooper-directed ray, israel's no6 and south korea's k440.


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